California Penal Code Section 647(f) — California’s law on being Drunk in Public does not just punish being drunk in public. It specifically punishes the conduct of being so drunk in public that you cannot exercise care for your own safety or the safety of others; or if you are so drunk that you are interfering with, obstructing, or preventing others from using streets, sidewalks, or other “public ways.”
To prove that you are guilty of “Drunk in Public,” the prosecutor has to prove the following facts or elements1:
In this context, willfully under the influence means that you voluntarily drank or took drugs. If someone slipped you drugs or gave you an alcoholic substance without you realizing it, you were not willfully under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
Jane and Bob went out drinking to the bar and Bob slipped a drug into Jane’s drink so she can loosen up and have fun without worrying too much about work. If Jane behaves in a way that could lead to drunk in public charges, she cannot be found guilty, because she did not willfully ingest the drug.
When you were under the influence, you were in a public place3;
- Gas station
- Night club/bar
- Hotel or residential building hallways
- Parked car on a public street4
Because you were under the influence, you interfered with, obstructed, or prevented the free use of a street, sidewalk, or other public way.
Joan ingests drugs at a party that cause her to frantically run up to a freeway ramp, thinking she can walk across the freeway lanes to the other side of the freeway. Joan’s conduct immediately causes a big wreckage of cars that run into one another trying to avoid running over Joan. Joan can be charged with this offense, because her behavior obstructed the use of a freeway.
Merely being drunk in public is not sufficient:
John has been drinking heavily at a bar and when he was ready to head home, he realized he was too drunk to drive and decided to walk home. Although he was slightly swaying from side to side while walking, he was not harmful to himself or others. Because John is not a danger to himself or others, and because he was not interfering with others ability to access the public ways, he is not guilty of drunk in public.
The following behavior can cause a drunk in public charge:
- Throwing rocks at oncoming traffic
- Trying to hail a cab by standing in the middle of the road, or so close to the traffic that the traffic has to stop
- Jumping off of a high stage into the crowd in a night club, where such behavior is not expected
The most common defenses that a skilled criminal defense attorney can use to defend you from “Drunk in Public” are as follows:
If you were arrested for behavior you engaged in while inside your home or inside a hotel room, you are not guilty of “drunk in public” because you were not engaged in the behavior in a place that is open to the public.
As mentioned earlier, to be guilty of the offense, you had to have willfully become intoxicated. If you did not know that what you were drinking was alcohol or someone slipped you a drug in your drink, you are not guilty of “drunk in public.”
If the police violated your Constitutional rights, because they stopped you or arrested you without having enough of a reason to do so, your attorney can request from the court that whatever evidence the police obtained illegally is suppressed and that the case be dismissed. However, the statute itself has been ruled to be constitutional5.
- The police arrested you for being drunk in public without seeing any conduct that either shows that you were a danger to yourself or others, or that you interfered or obstructed other’s ability to access the public ways;
- The police performed an illegal search on you in violation of the search and seizure law
California Penal Code 647(f) is a misdemeanor offense. If convicted, you may face the following penalties:
|Fine||Max of $1,0006|
|County Jail||Max of 6 months in county jail8|
If you were convicted of Penal Code 647(f) three times within a 12-month period, you face a minimum of 90 days in a county jail. However the court can suspend that sentence if you enter a 60 day alcohol treatment facility.
Disturbing The Peace:
Pursuant to Penal Code section 415, you may be guilty of this offense if you act in any of the following ways:
- Unlawfully fight in a public place or challenge another person in a public place to fight;
- Maliciously and willfully disturb another person by loud and unreasonable noise;
- Use offensive words in a public place which are inherently likely to provoke an immediate violent reaction.
This offense is related to “drunk in public” because it involves unlawful conduct in a public place. However, it does not necessarily involve someone being intoxicated. This plea reduction may be helpful for someone with a professional license that is seeking to avoid conviction on an alcohol related charge.
If charged with the offense, you face a maximum sentence of 90 days in county jail and a four hundred dollar $400 maximum fine.
If you have been arrested and would like to learn more about what attorneys charge.
If you want to understand why its important to have an attorney represent you.
If you would like to read Diana Aizman’s interview regarding this topic on Vice
If you are ready to discuss a pending case with an criminal defense lawyer contact the Aizman Law Firm at 818-351-9555 for a free confidential consultation.
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- California Penal Code Section 647(f): Who is found in any public place under the influence of intoxicating liquor, any drug, controlled substance, toluene, or any combination of any intoxicating liquor, drug, controlled substance, or toluene, in a condition that he or she is unable to exercise care for his or her own safety or the safety of others, or by reason of his or her being under the influence of intoxicating liquor, any drug, controlled substance, toluene, or any combination of any intoxicating liquor, drug, or toluene, interferes with or obstructs or prevents the free use of any street, sidewalk, or other public way. [↩]
- Someone commits an act willfully when he or she does it willingly or on purpose. [↩]
- As used here, a public place is a place that is open and accessible to anyone who wishes to go there; or is open to the public. Public Place Defined. In re Zorn (1963) 59 Cal.2d 650, 652 [30 Cal.Rptr. 811, 381 P.2d 635]; People v. Belanger (1966) 243 Cal.App.2d 654, 657 [52 Cal.Rptr. 660]; People v. Perez (1976) 64 Cal.App.3d 297, 300–301 [134 Cal.Rptr. 338]. [↩]
- In People v. Belanger (1966) 243 Cal.App.2d 654, 657 [52 Cal.Rptr. 660], the court held that the defendant was in a public place when he was found sitting in a parked car on a public street. [↩]
- Statute Constitutional:Sundance v. Municipal Court (1986) 42 Cal.3d 1101, 1119–1121 [232 Cal.Rptr. 814, 729 P.2d 80]; In re Joseph G. (1970) 7 Cal.App.3d 695, 703–704 [87 Cal.Rptr. 25]; In re Spinks (1967) 253 Cal.App.2d 748, 752 [61 Cal.Rptr. 743]. [↩]
- California Penal Code 19 [↩]
- See Same, Penal Code 19 [↩]
- See Same, Penal Code 19 [↩]